top of page

CSS can be consulted to assist Law Enforcement agencies in credentialing a potential HRD dog team.


Click HERE for Wisconsin State Court of Appeals vs. Mark J. Bucki ruling in favor of cadaver and tracking dogs.


Click HERE for a brief on the suppression of canine evidence in a 2008 homicide case (Wisconsin v. Zapata.)

Legal Issues


While the use of dogs in law enforcement for the purposes of detecting drugs and bombs has become common throughout the United States, the use of HRD dogs for investigative purposes is much more uncommon. Even more rare is including HRD dogs indications and credentials while applying for a search warrant. Currently, there is minimal case law regarding the use of this tool within Wisconsin or the United States. CSS dogs have assisted in numerous search warrants by way of including the dog's indications, training, and experience utilizing an HRD dog to sniff areas where a body is located or may have been but is no longer.


Issues to be considered by LE when selecting an HRD dog team:

What has the team been trained to detect?

Has the handler maintained detailed training logs?

Has the dog been trained to detect only human remains, or is the dog also trained in another odor such as narcotics?

What certification or proficiency has the team demonstrated?

What are the team's experiences and reliability?

Does the handler possess the ability to complete an accurate police report of their actions, and can the handler testify to their training and experience in court?

Does the HRD dog provide an indication that will not damage evidence?


Obtain a resume /CV of the dog team prior to search use. Search issues to be considered by LE when using an HRD dog team:

Is the area to be searched public or private?

If private, are there exigent circumstances, consent, or a search warrant?

Does the Carroll Doctrine apply?

When is it ok to use more than one dog team?

Will using more than one dog team result in differing opinions which could harm the outcome of a homicide case?

bottom of page